OLIMPIADAS in ancient Greece
The Olympic Games, from ancient Greece for more than 3,000 years, were revived in the late 19th century and became the world’s premier sports competition. From the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD, the Games are held every four years in Olympia, on the western Peloponnese peninsula, in honor of the god Zeus. The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896 and featured 280 participants from 13 nations competing in 43 events. Since 1994, Summer Olympics and Winter Games were organized separately and have alternated every two years.
The earliest written records of the ancient date of the Olympic Games of 776 BC. C., when a chef named Coroebus won the only event: a 192-meter walk called stage (the origin of the modern “stage”) to become the first Olympic champion. However, it is generally believed that the Games were held for many years at that time. Legend says that Heracles (Hercules the Romain), the son of Zeus and the mortal Alcmene woman, founded the Games in the late sixth century, had become the most famous of all Greek sports festivals. The original Olympic Games were held every four years between 6 and 19 August of September during a religious festival in honor of Zeus. The Games were named for their location in Olympia, a sacred site near the west coast of the Peloponnese peninsula in southern Greece. Its influence was so great that the ancient historians began to measure the time in increments of four years between Olympic Games, well-known like the Olympiad.
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The Games of 1896 was presented the first Olympic marathon, following the 25-mile route led by the Greek soldier who brought the news of a victory over the Persians in Marathon in 490 BC Athens proper, Spyridon Louis Greece won the first medal Of gold at the event. In 1924, the distance was normalized to 26 miles and 385 yards.
After 13 Olympics, two races have joined the Olympic stage as the Events: Diaulos (more or less equivalent to running 400 meters at present) and Dolichos (a race of greater distance, possibly comparable to event of 1500 meters or 5000 Meters). The pentathlon (which consists of five tests: a foot race, long jump, throwing jealousy and crops and a wrestling match) was introduced in 708 BC, boxing in 688 BC and in 680 cart races BC in 648 BC, pancracio, a combination of boxing and wrestling, virtually without rules, debuted as an Olympic event. Participation in the former Olympic Games was initially limited to Neo-Greek male citizens in Greece; There were no female events, and married women were barred from attending the competition.